Re-produced with permission, courtesy of the Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association – www.opia.info
The following image is of an early toilet circa 1785, taken from the pages of a French book
on architecture. The caption at top, loosely translated is: Developments of the interior of a bench
used in “garderobes” known under the name of place valves.
In the Bahrein Island in the Persian Gulf,
flush type toilet was discovered.
Vespasianus (Otto Empire) for the first time
levied Tax on Toilets.
Construction for the first time of public toilets manned
by scavengers in Europe.
JD Harrington invents W.C.
Edict issued by Police Commissioner Paris,
construction of Toilets in all houses.
Architect J.F. Brondel argues that attached toilet is ideal.
First separate toilet for men and women
appear at a ball in Paris.
First Public Toilet in Paris.
Toilet of Queen Victoria is decorated with gold.
First Ceramic Toilet by Thomas Turiferd for Queen Victoria.
Sewage Treatment for the first time in the world.
All surface Toilets abandoned (Paris).
Sulabh International is established by Bindeshwar Pathak,
as a non-profit NGO in Bihar.
Installation of Auto-control Public Toilet.